I spent the last several days engaged in a discussion over immigration policy enforcement in Alabama. I had worked to get the national meeting of the Association of Departments of Family Medicine to schedule their 2013 meeting in Mobile. Upon announcing Mobile as a site, the group was immediately made aware of the passage, enactment, and subsequent enforcement of HB 56. Living and working in downtown Mobile, I had always thought of us as described by the Downtown Mobile Alliance:

Mobile is the most cosmopolitan city in the state of Alabama, home to several international corporations that have enjoyed wonderful relationships with the city and its citizens. The Downtown Mobile Alliance actively seeks to create an atmosphere where diverse cultural, ethnic and demographic groups are welcome and encouraged to enjoy our 300 years of hospitality.

Instead, I had to admit that the reality is:

H.B. 56 requires schools to check and report the immigration status of their students. It instructs police to demand proof of immigration status from anyone they suspect of being in the country illegally (if stopped for another reason), even on a routine traffic stop or roadblock. It also invalidates any contract knowingly entered into with an illegal alien, including routine agreements such as a rent contract, and makes it a felony for an unauthorized immigrant to enter into a contract with a government entity.

 In addition, there were some really hateful provisions written in but enjoined as non-enforceable at this time (but liable to be enforced in the future):

It is a crime to harbor or transport unauthorized immigrants; unauthorized immigrants cannot enroll in or attend public universities; it is  a crime for unauthorized immigrants to apply for, solicit, or perform work; it requires that schools check and report on the legal status of their students and their students’ parents; and lastly, it is a crime to be without status in the United States.

In short, if you “look illegal” in Alabama, the police will have the right (if this law is upheld) to detain you until you can prove you belong in America. This concerned ALL of our Latino members, who felt they could not be assured safe passage.

These are not idle concerns. The most recent issue of Mother Jones magazine details some of the consequences of the law, including:

As of this writing, under the new guidelines of the law, Tuscaloosa police have arrested 141 people for driving without proper identification: 97 blacks, 34 Latinos, and 10 whites. Twenty-eight people were handed over to ICE, though officials could not confirm how many, if any, have been deported

Among the arrested was a German executive from Merecedes Benz, so I guess it isn’t all about brown people. The organization elected to move the meeting from Alabama, at a significant loss to the organization and to the city. This prompted a reader of the local coverage to post the following comment about undocumented workers:

Don’t tell me that they pay taxes, I know, they pay taxes on purchases but not on income. So, as you say, and I am a Christian, whatever you do to the least of these, you also do unto me. That knife cuts both ways.

In the book Educating Physicians, which is being used as a template for medical school reform, the importance of physician advocacy on behalf of patients is emphasized. Examples of this advocacy included volunteering time at local school events, volunteering on local boards which further the health of the community, as well as collective action to produce better policy. The authors feel that through these collective actions the professional values and identity of the professional group is continually refined. The organizational logo of ADFM includes the statement “Vision, Voice, Leadership.” The actions of the organization in this case speak even louder.

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